Cogeneration means the simultaneous generation of electricity and the recovery and utilisation of heat. Combined heat and power (CHP), as it is also called, is a very efficient form of energy conversion: energy efficiency rates of up to 95% may be achieved. Engine power plants in Europe are often run as cogeneration plants – using the recovered heat either for district heating purposes, heating specific building like hospitals, swimming pools, shopping centres or providing steam, heating or cooling for specific energy-intensive industry processes.
Achieving Europe’s ambitious energy policy targets implies that in addition to intermitting renewables a considerable amount of highly flexible and efficient energy generation capacities are part of the future energy mix. Cogeneration plants offer both advantages – flexibility and high efficiency.
European legislation and policies therefore should
|•||take into account that cogeneration provides a unique level of energy efficiency|
|•||ensure a level playing field for highly efficient cogeneration plants when providing electricity to the grid|
|•||promote the use of highly efficient cogeneration plants for internal consumption in energy-intensive industries|
|•||provide a prominent role for cogeneration in the planned heating and cooling strategy|